Standards The NFPA has developed standards for protection and performance.

The nature of your job requires that your gear provides protection against the hazards you may encounter. The NFPA has developed standards that specify the minimum level of protection and performance that your personal protective equipment should provide.

NFPA 1851

Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting

This standard is a companion document for NFPA 1971, and it is written for end-users (i.e. the fire department). It specifies the minimum requirements for selection, inspection, maintenance, and care of structural and proximity firefighting protective ensembles and ensemble elements that are compliant with NFPA 1971.

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NFPA 1951

Standard on Protective Ensembles for Technical Rescue Incidents

This standard specifies the personal protection requirements for protective ensembles and ensemble elements to reduce the risks associated with the hazards of technical rescue, including search, rescue, extrication, treatment, recovery, site stabilization, and other operations excluding wilderness operations. This edition specifies the requirements for three different types of technical rescue ensembles:

  • Utility technical rescue ensembles that provide limited protection in operational settings where physical and thermal hazards are expected.
  • Rescue and recovery technical rescue ensembles that provide limited protection in operational settings where physical, thermal, liquid, and body fluid-borne pathogen hazards are expected.
  • CBRN ensemble that provides limited protection from CBRN terrorism agents in addition to all the protection of the rescue and recovery ensemble.
NFPA 1971

Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Firefighting and Proximity Firefighting

This standard specifies the minimum design, testing, performance, and certification requirements for both structural and proximity firefighting ensembles and ensemble elements, including coats, pants, coveralls, helmets, hoods, gloves, footwear, and interface components. 

NFPA 1991

Standard on Vapor-Protective Ensembles for Hazardous Materials Emergencies

This standard specifies vapor-protective ensembles that protect emergency response personnel during hazardous material emergencies and CBRN terrorism incidents from specific chemicals in a vapor or liquid-splash environment. This standard also provides optional criteria for vapor-protective ensembles for escape protection only from chemical flash fires.

NFPA 1992

Standard on Liquid Splash-Protective Ensembles and Clothing for Hazardous Materials Emergencies

This standard specifies vapor-protective ensembles that protect emergency response personnel during hazardous material emergencies and CBRN terrorism incidents from specific chemicals in a vapor or liquid-splash environment. This standard also provides optional criteria for vapor-protective ensembles for escape protection only from chemical flash fires.

NFPA 1994

Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to CBRN Terrorism Incidents

This standard specifies the minimum performance requirements for CBRN protective ensembles and ensemble elements for emergency personnel responding to incidents involving CBRN terrorism agents. Three levels of protection are based on the risk analysis of what is needed for the intended operations:

  • Class 2: Terrorism incidents involving vapor or liquid chemical hazards where concentrations are at or above Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH)
  • Class 3: Terrorism incidents involving low levels of vapor or liquid chemicals where the concentrations are below IDLH
  • Class 4: Terrorism incidents involving biological hazards or radiological particulate hazards where the concentrations are below IDLH
NFPA 1999

NFPA 1999 Standard on Protective Clothing and Ensembles for Emergency Medical Operations 

This standard specifies the minimum requirements for new single- and multiple-use emergency protective clothing, including garments, gloves, footwear, and face protection devices. This protective clothing is used by emergency medical responders providing services prior to arrival at medical care facilities and by first receivers at medical care facilities during emergency medical operations. The purpose of this standard is to establish a minimum level of protection from contact with blood and body fluid-borne pathogens.